Algeria

 

Partial view of Algiers, capital of Algeria.

 

Map Algeria

 

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Museum

 

Algeria

 

Museum of Modern Art of Algiers (MAMA).

 

Roman ruins

 

Tassili-N’-Ajjer, plateau (NASA - March 1990). The Tassili-N’-Ajjer, located in southeastern Algeria and considered part of the northern Sahara Desert, is a series of eroded sandstone plateaus (darker gray areas). Within these sandstone plateaus are numerous narrow, steep-sided valleys and ravines. These desert rocks have been described as ranging in color from dull red to black, depending on the level of oxidation that has occurred and the level of metallic oxides deposited on the surface of the rocks. Several smaller sand seas, most notably the triangular Tifernine Dunes, can be seen toward the western part of the photograph. Both the Tifernine Dune field and the larger area of dunes to the east result from complex wind regimes that prevail throughout this arid region that receives less than 10 cm of precipitation per year.

 

Roman ruins in Algeria.

 

Oasis village of Taghit in the Sahara.

 

Sahara

 

In 1962, Algeria (Al Jumhuriyah al Jaza'iriyah ad Dimuqratiyah ash Sha'biyah) achieved independence, after more than a century of rule by France. In 1988, the Government of Algeria instituted a multi-party system in response to public unrest, but the surprising first round success of the Islamic Salvation Front (FIS) in the December 1991 balloting led the Algerian army to intervene and postpone the second round of elections to prevent what the secular elite feared would be an extremist-led government from assuming power. Fighting escalated into an insurgency, which saw intense violence from 1992-98, resulting in over 100,000 deaths - many attributed to indiscriminate massacres of villagers by extremists. The government gained the upper hand by the late-1990s, and FIS's armed wing, the Islamic Salvation Army, disbanded in January 2000.

In 2011, the government introduced some political reforms in response to the Arab Spring, including lifting the 19-year-old state of emergency restrictions and increasing women's quotas for elected assemblies while also increasing subsidies to the populace. Algeria’s reliance on hydrocarbon revenues to finance the government and large subsidies for the population is under stress because of declining oil prices (source: U.S. CIA).

 

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City coast of Argel.

 

Algeria

 

Algiers

 

Africa

 

 

 

Africa

 

 

 

 

 

Damien Boilley

 

 

Saber