What is now Ecuador was part of the northern Inca Empire until the Spanish conquest in 1533. Quito became a seat of Spanish colonial government in 1563 and part of the New Granada in 1717. It remained a Spanish colony until 1822, when a federation known as Gran Colombia was formed, after it gained their independence. The Republic of the Equator was created in 1830, when Quito withdrew from Gran Colombia.
The country has a diverse population composed of people of European, Native American, and African descent. It also includes the Galápagos Islands in the Pacific Ocean, about 965 km west of the mainland.
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Ministry of Tourism of Ecuador