Lake Taupo Area (NASA, April 1993).
It is the largest lake in New Zealand. The lake, 25 miles long and covering 234
square miles, sits in the middle of a hot springs region, which extends from the
lake northward to near Lake Rotorua. With an abundance of rainbow trout,
numerous geysers, hot springs, and other geothermal phenomena, the region is a
famous resort area.
Visible south of Lake Taupo are two of New
Zealand’s four active volcanoes, Mount Ngauruhoe and the larger Mount Ruapehu,
two stratovolcanoes that have a history of recent eruptions. Mount Ngauruhoe,
with a near-perfect cone, has erupted more than 50 times since 1839, the last
eruption occurring in July 1977. Snowcapped Mount Ruapehu has a large hot-crater
lake, where more than 30 eruptions have occurred since 1861. Mud flows from the
erupting volcano and crater lake occasionally flood adjacent valleys causing
property damage and loss of life, as happened in 1953. In June 1996, Mount
Ruapehu erupted, and many communities around the volcano were evacuated; minor
The volcanoes are tourist attractions with
many ski resorts. East of Lake Taupo, the world’s largest expanse of timber
plantations appears as agricultural field patterns in the photograph. Several
species of Northern Hemisphere conifers have been introduced, but Monterey pine
trees cover the largest acreage.