New York in the 18th Century

 

In the beginning of the 18th century, New York was an English colony. After 1707, it became a colony of the Great Britain. The City of New York was then a major slave market and a supply port for pirates and merchants.

The first newspaper appeared in 1725 and local newspapers led to a growing spirit of independence. New York hosted the Stamp Act Congress in 1765. The War of Independence started in 1775, but the first “battle” was fought on Golden Hill in January 1770. The City of New York was of strategic importance and George Washington established its headquarters at Bowling Green, in April 1776.

After the War, New York was established as the capital of the United States of America. The Constitution was ratified in 1788 and the City Hall was remodeled for the new Federal Hall. On April 30, 1789, George Washington was inaugurated as the first President of the U.S.A. at the Federal Hall. In 1790, the national capital was transferred to Philadelphia, but New York kept its momentum and by 1800 it was the largest city of the United States.

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Pulling Down the Statue of King George III, New York City, by Johannes Adam Simon Oertel. This gilded lead statue was placed on Bowling Green and was pulled down by the New Yorkers and Continental soldiery after the Declaration of Independence had been read to George Washington's troops on July 9, 1776. On the right is the Kennedy Mansion on the site of the Washington Building. Source: New-York Historical Society.

 

 

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