Printing House Square
The Printing House Square of Manhattan (There was a Printing House Square in London) is a small triangular square located opposite City Hall Park, at the intersection of Park Row and the Brooklyn Bridge approach.
In the 18th century, some publishers moved to Hanover Square, in Lower Manhattan, including the New York Gazette (1725), The New York Mercury (1757) and Rivington’s Royal Gazette. Hanover Square was also known as "Printing House Square", but, in 1835, the Great Fire of New York destroyed much of Lower Manhattan.
In 1798, the Society of St. Tammany moved to a building at Nassau Street and Spruce Street (later, the site of Tribune). In 1812, they moved to the "Tammany Hall", a five-story building, at the corner of Nassau and Frankfort Streets. Tammany Hall became the Democratic Party's meeting place in New York City.
Still in 1812, the City Hall moved from the old Federal Hall, on Wall Street, to the new building in City Hall Park. Then, several publishers came to the area, specially to Nassau Street. The name Printing House Square only made sense after the construction of the New York Times Building, in 1858, on the site that was previously occupied by the Brick Church. Before that, the place was indicated as "City Hall Sq." in a map by William Perris, issued in 1852 (see fragment on the right).
Among the publishers in or around Printing House Square were The World, Baker & Godwin, New York Times, Tribune, Sunday Times, American Tract Society, Daily Witness (1871-1879), The Day Book, Currier & Ives, The Sun and many others.
In 1867, the Tammany Hall building, at Printing House Square, was sold to The Sun. In the same year, the name "Printing House Square" appeared in the Map of New York City by Matthew Drips.
The sculpture of Benjamin Franklin, by the German sculptor Ernst Plassman (1823–1877), was unveiled on January 17, 1872.
In 1875, the new Tribune Building was completed, starting a skyscraper competition in the area. In the late 19th century and early 20th century some publishers have moved from the area, including The Sun and New York Times.
Copyright © Geographic Guide - Antique images of NYC.
Printing House Square