South Africa

 

South Africa is full of natural beauty, rich cultures, adventure and wildlife. The first choice for safaris.

 In 1652, Dutch traders landed at the southern tip of modern day South Africa and established a stopover point on the spice route between the Netherlands and the Far East, founding the city of Cape Town.

After the British seized the Cape of Good Hope area in 1806, many of the Dutch settlers (the Boers) trekked north to found their own republics. The discovery of diamonds (1867) and gold (1886) spurred wealth and immigration and intensified the subjugation of the native inhabitants.

The Boers resisted British encroachments but were defeated in the Boer War (1899-1902). However, the British and the Afrikaners, as the Boers became known, ruled together beginning in 1910 under the Union of South Africa, which became a republic in 1961 after a whites-only referendum.

In 1948, the National Party was voted into power and instituted a policy of apartheid - the separate development of the races - which favored the white minority at the expense of the black majority. The African National Congress (ANC) led the opposition to apartheid and many top ANC leaders, such as Nelson Mandela, spent decades in South Africa's prisons. Internal protests and international boycotts, led to the regime's eventual willingness to negotiate a peaceful transition to majority rule.

In 1994, the first South-African multi-racial elections brought an end to apartheid and ushered in majority rule under an ANC-led government. Since then, the country has struggled to address apartheid-era imbalances in decent housing, education, and health care. ANC infighting, which has grown in recent years, came to a head in September 2008 when President Thabo Mbeki resigned, and Kgalema Motlanthe, the party's General-Secretary, succeeded him as interim president. Jacob Zuma became president after the ANC won general elections in April 2009 (Source: The World Factbook).

See a map of South Africa and more Images.

 

 

Sun City

 

Cape Town, with Table Mountain.

 

Africa Travel

 

 

 

Hout Bay Western Cape

Knysna

 

Copyright © Geographic Guide - South Africa, Cape Town. Beaches Knysna, Sun City and Clifton. Kurger and Addo Park.

 

Durban

 

 

Cape Town, Western Cape: Bakoven from Kasteelpoort, Table Mountain. Photo by Keith Young.

 

Pretoria

 

Cape Town

 

Johannesburg

 

 

Cape Town

 

Durban

 

Durban Stadium (photo Irwin Manoim).

 

Cycling in Hout Bay, Western Cape (foto South African Tourism).

 

Knysna

 

 

Africa

 

 

Transport

 

◄Africa

 

Kruger Park

 

Table Mountain

 

Shoreline along the Cape of Good Hope.

 

Cape Town

 

Cape Town and Table Mountain at sunrise.

 

The Outeniqua Choo Tjoe, near Wilderness in the Western Cape (photo by Neil Austin).

 

Clifton

 

Africa

 

 

Addo Park

 

Flag

 

South Africa

 

 

 

 

 

South African Tourism

 

 

 

 

A. Egger

 

 

 

 

Photo Chris van der Merwe