Washington Building, Bowling Green Antique Images

 

It was the site of a tavern in the first half of 18th century. In 1745, Archibald Kennedy (1685-1763) purchased the property to build his mansion that became No. 1 Broadway (see illustration on the right). After 1763, his son, the Captain Kennedy, became the principal occupant of the mansion. In 1776, during the Independence War, Kennedy was arrested by colonial authorities, released on parole and went to Scotland some years later.

In January, 1776, General Lee claimed the Kennedy Mansion his headquarters. In April, Washington set up headquarters at the Mansion. Other generals also occupied it. In the early 19th century, the Mansion was sold by Captain Kennedy’s son and it became the Washington Hotel, with additional floors.

By 1882, the Washington Hotel was razed and the Washington Building (One Broadway) was completed in the same place, in 1885. It was sometimes called Field Building, after Cyrus West Field, the businessman who controlled the construction. This new 12-story office building, facing both Bowling Green and Battery Park, was covered in heavy dark red masonry and was designed by Edward H. Kendall. It was built with 358 rooms, every one of which was perfectly
ventilated and lighted by the rays of sunshine. Its dome reached 858 feet above ground.

In 1919, the Washington Building was acquired by the International Mercantile Marine Company and the it was renovated to gain its current neoclassical style, completed around 1924.

 

Washington Building

 

Antique photos of NYC

 

Field (Washington) Building in 1892 by Strohmeyer & Wyman (originally in stereograph format, Library of Congress).

 

Above, the Kennedy Mansion. Below, the Mansion was renovated, with additional floors, to become the Washington Hotel in the 19th century.

 

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Washington Building NY

 

Above, the Washington Hotel, between 1850 and 1860.

Below, Washington Building in the early 20th century, sees from The Battery, vintage postcard.

 

Washington Building under renovation around 1924. Frank M. Ingalls photograph collection, New-York Historical Society.

 

Kennedy mansion

 

Renovation

 

Adelphi Hotel

 

 

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Washington Building, Bowling Green Antique Images