Astor House

 

The Astor House was a luxury hotel in Manhattan, located on Broadway, between Barclay Street and Vesey Street, north of St. Paul's Chapel. It occupied the entire block front. The hotel opened in 1836 and it was demolished in the early 20th century.

Some major hotels opened in Manhattan before Astor House, like the City Hotel (opened in 1794 and bought by J.J. Astor in 1828), Adelphi House (about 1829) and Holt's Hotel (about 1831). The new City Hall opened in the Park in 1812, then many institution moved to nearby buildings, including newspapers and hotels.

The five stories high Astor House was built by John Jacob Astor (1763-1848) and designed by architect Isaiah Rogers in Greek Revival style. The site was previously occupied by the Bull's Head Tavern and other buildings. J.J. Astor acquired the plot gradually. The cornerstone of the hotel was laid on the Fourth of July, 1834. It opened on June 1, 1836, as Park Hotel, under the management of Frederick Boyden who had been running the Tremont House in Boston, later replaced by Charles Augustus Stetson (1810-1888).

It had more than 300 rooms and a central courtyard with fountains and trees, among others facilities, like reading room, oyster cellar, barbers, drugstore, hairdressers and a printing press in the basement. In the 1840, the interior garden was supplanted by a rotunda with vaulted roof and richly carved bar.

Among the hotel guests were many celebrities and statesmen, including Abraham Lincoln, Andrew Jackson, Charles Dickens, the Prince of Wales and Daniel Webster.

In 1859, the Fifth Avenue Hotel opened its doors. It was the first hotel in the United States to be equipped with passenger elevator. Astor House added the equipment in 1862.

In 1864, the Astor was one of many New York City hotels set on fire by Confederate conspirators.

Around the 1870s, Stetson's son succeeded his father in control of the hotel. In 1875, the place was sold by the sheriff. The hotel was closed for a few months and reopened by Flavius Allen.

In 1904, the 11-story Hotel Astor opened in Times Square.

Astor House closed on May 29, 1913, then the southern portion of the building was razed in the same year to make way for the subway constructions. Vincent Astor controlled that part of the property and, in 1916, he built the Astor House Building at 217 Broadway, which remains on the site of the original Astor House. In 1926 the northern portion was razed and the 44-story Transportation Building, completed in 1927, is on the site today.

 

Astor House

 

Antique photos of NYC

 

 

 

Original caption: The famous old Astor House, Broadway and Vesey Street, opposite the entrance to the [City Hall] Park, as it appeared when first erected in 1842 [it opened in 1836]. This view shows what a charming spot was obliterated when the Post Office was erected here (illustration printed for Valentine's Manual of old New York, No. 5 New Series 1921, based on an early illustration issued about 1840).

 

Rotunda

 

Antique photographs

 

Copyright © Geographic Guide - Historic Hotels in NYC.

 

Astor House Building

 

Demolition Astor House

 

The Astor House Building, completed in 1916 on the site of the southern part of the original Astor House, demolished in 1913.

 

New York NY

 

Vesey Street

 

Broadway hotel

 

Building Broadway NY

 

Lunchtime under the rotunda of the Astor House. Illustration published in Harper's Weekly in 1888. During the luncheon hours, "The Rotunda" always was thronged by patrons from business offices.

 

Astor House 19th century

 

 

Broadway

 

Below, Broadway, looking north. Astor House is on the left and the old Post Office is to the right. Vintage postcard, copyright 1908 Detroit Publishing.

 

Astor House in a vintage postcard, looking northwest from Broadway. Vesey Street is on the left. Copyright: 1908 by Detroit Publishing Co.

 

Buildings Broadway

 

Astor House NYC

 

NY Hotels

 

City Hall Park

 

 

Astor House