New York City in the 19th Century

 

New York began the 19th century as the largest city in the United States, with more than 60 thousand inhabitants, and continued to grow and grow. In 1812, the new City Hall building opened and other institutions moved to the surrounding area in the following decades.

The opening of the Erie Canal, in 1825, boosted trade. New York was the commercial metropolis of the United States and also achieved primacy in manufacturing. More and more immigrants arrived in the City. Two great fires, in 1835 and 1845, devastated great part of Lower Manhattan. During the Civil War (1861-1865), New York was a big stage for riots. Parts of the City were dominated by gangs. In 1853, the Exhibition of the Industry of All Nations was held in New York City.

By 1870, New York had almost one million people and the early skyscrapers were under construction. In 1873, a financial panic on Wall Street triggered an economic depression in North America that lasted until the late 1870s. The crisis started in Europe, months before, due to bad investments in railroads.

On September 4, 1882, Thomas Edison’s Pearl Street Station, the first commercial electrical power plant in the United States, began generating electricity in Lower Manhattan.

In 1883, Brooklyn Bridge was open to traffic and the Statue of Liberty was dedicated in 1886. In 1898, New York City expanded to encompass its current geographic boundaries. In 1900 New York was the busiest port in the world and had 3.4 million inhabitants.

More: Historical maps of New York City

 

 

Antique photos of NYC

 

 

New York 19th Century

 

 

New York City Hall, park and environs, in 1849 or before (illustration by John Bachmann). Broadway is on the left. The City Hall was completed in 1812 and the city government moved from the old Federal Hall.

 

City Hall Park

 

Market Slip NY

 

New York City NY

 

Panoramic View NY

 

Broadway NY

 

 

New York 17th century

 

Broadway NY 19th century

 

Central Park images

 

Manhattan photographs

 

New York City Hall

 

Fifth Avenue 19th Century

 

Soldiers and Sailors Memorial Arch

 

NY Early Skyscrapers

 

Historic Buildings

 

19th century NY

 

NY Hotels

 

Ellis Island

 

NYC

 

East River waterfront

 

Nineteenth century NY

 

Lower Manhattan

 

NY globe

 

Central Park NY

 

New York NY

 

Waterfront NY

 

New York Illustration

 

Manhattan NYC

 

NYC 19th century

 

Panorama New York City

 

Bowling Green images

 

Panorama New York NY

 

Harbor NY

 

New York NY 19th century

 

Plan NYC 1866

 

City Hall Park

 

 

City New York

 

NY Brooklyn old

 

New York nineteenth century

 

Old New York

 

Wall Street images

 

Great Fire 1835

 

Bird's Eye View of New York

 

 

Broadway NY 19th Century

 

NY Panorama

 

New York 18th century

 

Vintage images

 

NY Great Fire 1845

 

Copyright © Geographic Guide - NYC in the Nineteenth Century.

 

New York City in the 19th Century

 

Antique photographs